Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) was developed in the 1980's and 1990's by psychologists in America led by Steven Hayes. They wanted to re-examine the causes of psychological suffering and develop treatment approaches for a broad range of problems. Over the last decade (2000 - 2010) ACT has become an important new CBT model, which is increasingly influencing the evolution of CBT. ACT is a Mindfulness based form of CBT, focusing on:
Neutralising and unhooking yourself from rigid, extreme, self-critical and self-limiting thoughts.
Learning to desensitise yourself from difficult emotions and sensations.
Increasing contact with the present moment.
Cultivating non-judgemental awareness of the ongoing stream of attention itself.
Learning to become more compassionate to yourself and others.
Clarify what you really want your life to be about.
Identify and take steps towards these freely chosen life directions.